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Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients that selectively promote the growth and activity of beneficial gut microbiota, thus conferring health benefits to the host. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are prebiotics that are present in human milk and selectively stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria in infants.    A new study has investigated the effects of HMOs in...

Key Metagenomics Techniques & Their Uses

Welcome to the exciting world of metagenomics! Metagenomics is a powerful tool that allows us to study complex microbial communities in their natural environments. It has revolutionized our understanding of how microbes interact with each other and their environment, and it can help us better understand many aspects of biology, from disease diagnosis to climate...

Background Chronic kidney disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the globe. The disease often leads to kidney failure whe it progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD produces $34 billion of costs annually to the US economy.  ESRD etiology is often driven by the accumulation of toxic metabolites in body compartments....

  Did you know that there is evidence to suggest that psychosocial stress induced gut microbiome shifts have an impact on immune cell development? The interplay between the gut microbiome and the central nervous system has attracted researchers as a potential target for treating stress-related disorders such as depression and anxiety.    A new study...

The rapid decline of ecosystems on the Earth is deploring.    It is a multifaceted problem and a pillar of the problem is constituted by the overconsumption and mismanagement of plastics. Plastics released to nature crumble into smaller particles that infiltrate into trophic, feeding, chains in ecosystems and accumulate in the members of the system. ...

A recent article from the Washington Post highlights that gut microbiome-exercise interplay. In the past, studies showed the essential role that our gut microbiome, the intricate ecosystem of microbes that live in our gastrointestinal tract, plays in maintaining our overall health.    These tiny bacteria perform crucial roles in maintaining our health, affecting all from...

Background Metagenomics studies using shotgun sequencing have been an important tool for investigating the gut microbiome of pets, including dogs, in recent years.   These studies involve sequencing all DNA fragments present in a sample, allowing for the identification and characterization of the diverse range of microorganisms present in the gut microbiome. Such studies have...