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The skin is the body’s first line of defense, protecting the host against environmental or microbial insults by the imposition of a physical barrier. Upon microbial entry into wounds, innate immune cells generate antimicrobial proteins to prevent bacterial infections. A well-studied example is the innate immune circuits of IL-17 and IL-22, which are activated by...

Over the last decade, the field of metagenomics has grown extensively, leading to an exponential increase in sequencing data in public data repositories. Availability of this huge collection of data has accelerated the discovery of novel microbiome-related biomarkers and microbiome-based novel biomedical therapeutics. One of the key steps in identifying potential biomarkers or lead candidates...